Lifts

Directive 2014/33/EU on lifts and safety components for lifts aims to allow lifts and their safety components to be sold throughout the EU market and to ensure a high level of safety for lift users and maintenance staff.

The directive lays down rules on the sale and putting into service of lifts and safety components for lifts. It applies to lifts that permanently serve buildings and constructions and that are intended for the transport of persons and goods. It does not apply to funicular railways, hoists and escalators or walkways.

Scope

This Directive shall apply to lifts permanently serving buildings and constructions and intended for the transport of:

  1. persons;
  2. persons and goods;
  3. goods alone if the carrier is accessible, that is to say a person may enter it without difficulty, and fitted with controls situated inside the carrier or within reach of a person inside the carrier.

This Directive shall also apply to the safety components for lifts listed in Annex III for use in the lifts referred to in the first subparagraph.

This Directive shall not apply to:

  1. lifting appliances whose speed is not greater than 0,15 m/s;
  2. construction site hoists;
  3. cableways, including funicular railways;
  4. lifts specially designed and constructed for military or police purposes;
  5. lifting appliances from which work can be carried out;
  6. mine winding gear;
  7. lifting appliances intended for lifting performers during artistic performances;
  8. lifting appliances fitted in means of transport;
  9. lifting appliances connected to machinery and intended exclusively for access to workstations including maintenance and inspection points on the machinery;
  10. rack and pinion trains;
  11. escalators and mechanical walkways.

Where, for lifts or safety components for lifts, the risks referred to in this Directive are wholly or partly covered by specific Union law, this Directive shall not apply or shall cease to apply in the case of such lifts or safety components for lifts and such risks as from the application of that specific Union law.

 

Definitions

Making available on the market means any supply of a safety component for lifts for distribution or use on the Union market in the course of a commercial activity, whether in return for payment or free of charge.

Placing on the market means:

  • the first making available on the market of a safety component for lifts, or
  • the supply of a lift for use on the Union market in the course of a commercial activity, whether in return for payment or free of charge.

Importer means any natural or legal person established within the Union who places a safety component for lifts from a third country on the Union market.

Distributor means any natural or legal person in the supply chain, other than the manufacturer or the importer, who makes a safety component for lifts available on the market.

Withdrawal means any measure aimed at preventing a safety component for lifts in the supply chain from being made available on the market.

 

Article 17 - EU declaration of conformity

  1. The EU declaration of conformity shall state that the fulfilment of the essential health and safety requirements set out in Annex I has been demonstrated.
  2. The EU declaration of conformity shall have the model structure set out in Annex II, shall contain the elements specified in the relevant Annexes V to XII, and shall be continuously updated. It shall be translated into the language or the languages required by the Member State in which the lift or the safety component for lifts is placed or made available on the market.
  3. Where a lift or a safety component for lifts is subject to more than one Union act requiring an EU declaration of conformity, a single EU declaration of conformity shall be draw up in respect of all such Union acts. That declaration shall contain the identification of the Union acts concerned including their publication references.
  4. By drawing up the EU declaration of conformity, the manufacturer shall assume responsibility for the compliance of the safety component for lifts and the installer shall assume responsibility for the compliance of the lift with the requirements laid down in this Directive.

 

Article 18 - General principles of the CE marking

The CE marking shall be subject to the general principles set out in Article 30 of Regulation (EC) No 765/2008.

Article 19 - Rules and conditions for affixing the CE marking and other markings

  1. The CE marking shall be affixed visibly, legibly and indelibly to each lift car and to each safety component for lifts or, where that is not possible, on a label inseparably attached to the safety component for lifts.
  2. The CE marking shall be affixed before the lift or the safety component for lifts is placed on the market.
  3. The CE marking on lifts shall be followed by the identification number of the notified body involved in any of the following conformity assessment procedures:
    1. the final inspection referred to in Annex V;
    2. unit verification, referred to in Annex VIII;
    3. quality assurance referred to in Annexes X, XI or XII.
  4. The CE marking on safety components for lifts shall be followed by the identification number of the notified body involved in any of the following conformity assessment procedures:
    1. product quality assurance referred to in Annex VI;
    2. full quality assurance referred to in Annex VII;
    3. conformity to type with random checking for safety components for lifts referred to in Annex IX.
  5. The identification number of the notified body shall be affixed by the body itself or, under its instructions, by the manufacturer or his authorised representative or by the installer or his authorised representative. The CE marking and the identification number of the notified body may be followed by any other mark indicating a special risk or use.
  6. Member States shall build upon existing mechanisms to ensure correct application of the regime governing the CE marking and shall take appropriate action in the event of improper use of that marking.

 

Application of the directive

This directive applies from 18 April 2014. It repeals Directive 95/16/EC with effect from 20 April 2016.