Electromagnetic Compatibility

Directive 2014/30/EU on the electromagnetic compatibility aims to ensure that electrical and electronic equipment complies with an adequate level of electromagnetic compatibility. It lays down the rules to ensure protection against electromagnetic disturbance to guarantee the free movement of electrical and electronic equipment within the EU market. Both apparatus and fixed installations fall in the scope of the directive.

Scope

This Directive shall apply to equipment that is defined as any apparatus or fixed installation.

An ‘Apparatus’ consists of any finished appliance or combination thereof made available on the market as a single functional unit, intended for the end-user and liable to generate electromagnetic disturbance, or the performance of which is liable to be affected by such disturbance.

A ‘Fixed installation’ is a particular combination of several types of apparatus and, where applicable, other devices, which are assembled, installed and intended to be used permanently at a predefined location.

The ‘electromagnetic compatibility’ means the ability of equipment to function satisfactorily in its electromagnetic environment without introducing intolerable electromagnetic disturbances to other equipment in that environment.

This Directive shall not apply to:

  1. equipment covered by Directive 1999/5/EC;
  2. aeronautical products, parts and appliances as referred to in Regulation (EC) No 216/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 February 2008 on common rules in the field of civil aviation and establishing a European Aviation Safety Agency, and repealing Council Directive 91/670/EEC, Regulation (EC) No 1592/2002 and Directive 2004/36/EC;
  3. radio equipment used by radio amateurs within the meaning of the Radio Regulations adopted in the framework of the Constitution of the International Telecommunication Union and the Convention of the International Telecommunication Union, unless the equipment is made available on the market;
  4. equipment the inherent nature of the physical characteristics of which is such that:
    1. it is incapable of generating or contributing to electromagnetic emissions which exceed a level allowing radio and telecommunication equipment and other equipment to operate as intended; and
    2. it operates without unacceptable degradation in the presence of the electromagnetic disturbance normally consequent upon its intended use;
  5. custom built evaluation kits destined for professionals to be used solely at research and development facilities for such purposes. For the purposes of point (c) of the first subparagraph, kits of components to be assembled by radio amateurs and equipment made available on the market and modified by and for the use of radio amateurs are not regarded as equipment made available on the market.

Where, for the equipment referred to in paragraph 1, the essential requirements set out in Annex I are wholly or partly laid down more specifically by other Union legislation, this Directive shall not apply, or shall cease to apply, to that equipment in respect of such requirements from the date of implementation of that Union legislation.

This Directive shall not affect the application of Union or national legislation regulating the safety of equipment.

 

Definitions

Apparatus means any finished appliance or combination thereof made available on the market as a single functional unit, intended for the end-user and liable to generate electromagnetic disturbance, or the performance of which is liable to be affected by such disturbance.

Making available on the market means any supply of apparatus for distribution, consumption or use on the Union market in the course of a commercial activity, whether in return for payment or free of charge.

Placing on the market means the first making available of apparatus on the Union market.

Importer means any natural or legal person established within the Union who places apparatus from a third country on the Union market.

Distributor means any natural or legal person in the supply chain, other than the manufacturer or the importer, who makes apparatus available on the market.

Withdrawal means any measure aimed at preventing apparatus in the supply chain from being made available on the market.

 

Article 15 - EU declaration of conformity

  1. The EU declaration of conformity shall state that the fulfilment of the essential requirements set out in Annex I has been demonstrated.
  2. The EU declaration of conformity shall have the model structure set out in Annex IV, shall contain the elements specified in the relevant modules set out in Annexes II and III and shall be continuously updated. It shall be translated into the language or languages required by the Member State in which the apparatus is placed or made available on the market.
  3. Where apparatus is subject to more than one Union act requiring an EU declaration of conformity, a single EU declaration of conformity shall be drawn up in respect of all such Union acts. That declaration shall contain the identification of the Union acts concerned including their publication references.
  4. By drawing up the EU declaration of conformity, the manufacturer shall assume responsibility for the compliance of the apparatus with the requirements laid down in this Directive.

 

Article 16 - General principles of the CE marking

The CE marking shall be subject to the general principles set out in Article 30 of Regulation (EC) No 765/2008.

 

Article 17 - Rules and conditions for affixing the CE marking

  1. The CE marking shall be affixed visibly, legibly and indelibly to the apparatus or to its data plate. Where that is not possible or not warranted on account of the nature of the apparatus, it shall be affixed to the packaging and to the accompanying documents.
  2. The CE marking shall be affixed before the apparatus is placed on the market.
  3. Member States shall build upon existing mechanisms to ensure correct application of the regime governing the CE marking and shall take appropriate action in the event of improper use of that marking.

Legal acts repealed:

Directive 2004/108/EC

Directive 1989/366/EEC

Previous guidelines:

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Consolidated harmonised standards summary list - 13 April 2022

Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2021/455 of 15 March 2021 amending Implementing Decision (EU) 2019/1326 as regards harmonised standards for electromagnetic compatibility of control circuit devices and switching elements, and multimedia equipment - OJ L 89/17 of 16 March 2021

Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2020/1630 of 3 November 2020 amending Implementing Decision (EU) 2019/1326 as regards the electromagnetic compatibility of industrial, scientific and medical equipment, household appliances, electric tools and similar apparatus, electrical lighting and similar equipment, multimedia equipment, switchgear and controlgear - OJ L 366 of 4 November 2020

Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2020/660 of 15 May 2020 amending Implementing Decision (EU) 2019/1326 as regards the electromagnetic compatibility of electromechanical contactors and motor-starters, arc quenching devices, distribution boards intended to be operated by ordinary persons and industrial trucks - OJ L 155 of 18 May 2020

Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2019/1326 of 5 August 2019 on the harmonised standards for electromagnetic compatibility drafted in support of Directive 2014/30/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council C/2019/5759 - OJ L 206 of 6 August 2019, p. 27–30

Commission communication in the framework of the implementation of Directive 2014/30/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 February 2014 on the harmonisation of the laws of the Member States relating to electromagnetic compatibility (recast) - OJ C 246 of 13 July 2018

M552 Standardisation request to the European Committee for Standardisation - 30 November 2016